The following is a list of commonly used words and definitions related to Spaniel Hunt Tests.

AFC Acronym for Amateur Field Champion: This title is awarded to the dog when the required number of points has been obtained in field trials. (AKC).
AKC Acronym for the American Kennel Club.
Back A verbal command given to the dog to direct the dog away from the handler. Known as a backcast or casting the dog back.
Bird Planter A person who is responsible for the birds care during an event. Also places the birds on the course. Sometimes referred to as a Bird Steward.
Birdy The way the dog acts as it makes the sent of the birds.
Birdiness A dogs level of excitement when presented with birds.
Blind Retrieve When the dog makes a retrieve on a bird he did not see fall. "Blind Retrieve" is used in the field or with water work - and is the process in which a bird is hidden in water or brush, and the dog is sent by the handler to retrieve it without a shot being fired to allow the dog to 'mark' the bird. (See Marked/Unmarked Retrieve.)
Blinking When the dog smells the bird and then shies away from it.
Butter Mouth A dog that carries the retrieved bird so carefully or softly that the dog is constantly dropping or adjusting the bird in its mouth.
Chasing When the dog chases, in an uncontrolled manner, a bird that wasn't shot.
Check Cord A length of cord, usually stiff in composition so as not to tangle easy in heavy cover, with a brass snap on one end. The check cord is approximately 20 to 30 feet long.
CFC Acronym for Canadian Field Champion. The title is awarded to the dog when the required number of points has been obtained in field trials. (CKC).
CKC Acronym for the Canadian Kennel Club.
Collar  Placed around the dogs neck.  Leather and Nylon collars are most popular.
Companion Gun Dog A hunting dog when it isn't in the field. Also known as a family pet.
Crate A small plastic pen used to confine dogs.
Crate training The crate used to potty train that also offers a safe home for the dog.
Crosswind The dog proceeds with the wind at either side.
Course Flags Appear to be bicycle flags. The flags are used to mark the direction and/or boundaries of the course.
Dead Dog command to fetch.
Downwind The dog proceeds with the wind.
Drop Dog command to take the retrieved bird.  (See Give.)
E-collar or
Electronic Collar
Dog training collars that may deliver an electrical stimulus, and/or a vibration, and/or an audible tone as a means of training.
Fall The act of the bird falling to the ground or water from the flight path after being shot by the gunner.
FC Acronym for Field Champion. The title is awarded to the dog when the required number of points has been obtained in field trials. (AKC).
Field Marshall The person responsible for the execution of the running order of the dogs. Also gives direction to the gallery on the course.
Field Work Dog obedience and bird handling training in the field. Follows Yard Work.  (See Yard Work.) 
Flush A bird that takes flight either by intentional flush of a human/dog or self initiated as in a 'wild flush'.  (See Wild Flush.)
Force Fetch Dog-training that utilizes pressure to teach the dog to retrieve objects when commanded.
Gallery The group of spectators following the handler, judges, and marshal on the course. The gallery must follow the direction of the Field Marshall.
Game birds Birds sought after by hunters and are edible.  Birds that reside in the uplands.
Give (See Drop.)
Gun Dog A dog trained to hunt birds.
Gunner The two individuals, with specified range responsibilities, who shoot the birds after they are flushed.
Gun shyness A dog inherently afraid of loud noises such as gunfire.
Hand signals A silent way to command a dog.
Hard Mouth Occurs when a dog bites down too tightly on the bird during a retrieve.
Heel Dog command that requires the dog to walk beside the handler with its head close to the left leg of the handler.
Hobble Training device to restrain live training birds. 
Hup A command issued to bring the dog to a stop usually in a sitting position. 
Junior Hunter (JH) The title is awarded to the dog when it has recieved 4 qualifying scores in the Junior Hunter class.
Johnny House A pen used to contain pen-raised game birds.  Through the use of a built in funnel, it allows pen-raised birds to return after release.  Birds are used to dog train.
Launcher A mechanical device that, when triggered, catapults the bird straight upward into the air so that it may fly away from the dog in training.  They are available in manual and remote control. 
Launcher shyness Dog that is afraid of a launcher. (See Launcher.)
Leash Dog training tool used to teach dogs basic commands such as heel, hup, etc.  Six feet long is the average training length. Also known as a Lead.
Line When the dog runs in a straight line.  Example:  'Taking a line' running straight forward without quartering.
Line Steady After the placement of the dog by the handler on the line for the water exercise, the dog shall not move forward from this line until directed to do so.
Marked retrieve Dog retrieves bird that it saw fall.
Marking or marking the bird Dog watches shot bird fall.  The following of the path of a bird, following it's being shot, which allows the dog to locate the bird for retrieval.
Master Hunter (MH) The title is awarded to the dog when it has recieved 6 qualifying scores in the Master Hunter class.
Missed Bird The failure of a gunner to harvest a bird in flight.
No Bird The order given by a judge to stop all pursuit of a bird by the gunner and dog.
Nose A dogs ability to find scent.
Over A command to a dog to move in an indicated direction.
Pattern The path the dog takes, using scent and hunting ability, to locate a bird. There is a variety of 'patterns' spaniels follow.
Pop/ Popping (1) Dog hunts hard and fast, head up with strong upward movement as it seeks birds.  His forward thrusts make him look as if he is popping up and down as it moves through cover. (2) You send the dog on retrieve he as seen the dog stops and looks at the handler for directions.
Preparatory Command Word used to get the dogs attention just before issuing a command. Example: 'Maggie Come'. 
Pressure Training the dog to comply against its will.
Punching / Punch Out When the dog proceeds beyond the range of the gunner. The dog proceeds directly down the course. Example:  'The dog began to punch out, but the handler whistled the dog back in.
Pursuit When the dog searches for a bird.
Quartering A to and fro or back and forth movement of the dog as it hunts in front of the handler so as to find more birds.  Example: Left to Right/windshield wiper movement.  Forward figure eight pattern.
Receiver The E-collar itself.  It receives the signal from the transmitter.
Runner A bird that remains on the ground but moves in hurried fashion away from the dog. The dog may trail the bird. (See Trailing.)
Scent Cone The path in which the scent of a the bird wafts through the vegetation.
Senior Hunter (SH) The title is awarded to the dog when it has recieved 5 qualifying scores in the Senior Hunter class.
Shagger The person who carries the harvested bird(s) after the retrieve has been completed.
Snappy A dog that moves quickly afield and is very quick in its quartering action to find birds.
Soft A dog that will not tolerate harsh training.  Dog that will shy easily with too much force.  NOT to be confused with being timid.  (See Timid.)
Sound conditioning Dog training that ensures the dog will not be afraid of loud noises such as gunfire.  Should be done before shooting a gun over any dog.
Steady to wing & shot When the dog initiates flush and then either hups or stands still until released by the handler even though a bird may have been killed.
Stylish A dog that presents itself in the best way a fine gun dog should.  Steady on wing and shot high tail, head high, snappy afield, etc.
Sucker bird A low-level flight of the flushed bird, which promotes chasing and prohibits harvesting the bird.
Tap To touch the dog on the head.  Example: tapping the dogs head to release the bird.
Tie out Dog confinement method in which a chain leash is hooked to the dogs' collar on one end and the other end is attached to stationary device such as a stake.
Timid A dog that is overly shy.  Dog cringes very easily from ordinary day-to-day sights and sounds.  Pressure training may ruin this type of dog.  This dog requires an experienced trainer unless the dog is a natural.
Trailing A dog that hunts with its nose to the ground tracking running game.
Trained Retrieve (See Forced Fetch.)
Transmitter A training device that sends a signal to a remote controlled device such as an e-collar, launcher, etc.
Trapped bird When the dog locates the bird, picks it up, and retrieves it to the handler without a flush or shot.
Trash birds Non-Game Birds that are undesirable for the handler but sometimes interesting to bird dogs.
Tweety (trash) Birds Every day common birds.  Non-game bird.
Unmarked retrieve Dog retrieves bird that it did not see fall.
Upwind The dog proceeds into the wind.
Voluntary A flush far removed from the dog and handler.
Whistle commands Dog commands issued with a whistle only.
Whoa Dog stands stationary with head held high and tail vertical. This is a command used with the pointing breeds. If the trainer or book you are researching uses this command you may wish to reconsider and find a new source of information or at least recognize the source has a pointing background.
Wild Flush A bird that initiates flight of its own will.
Wing on a string A game bird wing tied to fishing line attached to a fishing pole.  Used to check birdiness. Sometimes used to reinforce yard-working commands.
Yard Work Dog training system that is the foundation of bird dog training.  Dog learns heel, hup, come, etc. in the yard before proceeding to the field for 'field work'.  (See Field Work.)